The Tran-Aatlantic Slave Trade began in the 15th century, after the Portuguese started exploring the coast of West Afrika. At first the number of enslaved Afrikans taken was small. In about 1650, however, with the development of plantations on the newly colonized Caribbean islands and American mainland, the trade grew. But the Arabs even earlier had developed a brisk and profitable trade in enslaved people of various races. The Arabs established two routes of their own. One by sea and the other by land: The Trans-Indian Slave Trade, which took enslaved Afrikans to the Indian, China, and other parts of the Asia; and the Trans-Saharan Slave Trade that supplied the North Afrika and the so-called Middle East with Afrikan people.
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