Islam's universalist ideology has confused some of its followers into believing that it does not borrow or rely heavily on the culture of a particularly people, but it does-- Arabs. But Arabs are a by-product of the Afrikans who originally inhabited the “Arabian” peninsula and the invading Indo-Aryans. Consequently, Arab culture is a hybrid one, derived from Afrikan and Aryan cultures. Arabia, according to Diop, was a zone of confluence. And like many zones of confluence, the invading conquerors' culture tended to dominate, in this case superimposing itself on an Afrikan substratum. Nevertheless, the origins of Islam begins in Afrikan cosmology just as Judaism's and Christianity's. Dr. Wesley Muhammed is doing tremendous research in this area and I am sure others will follow.
Before there was an Arab, Afrikans occupied that peninsula. From the latest archaeological find, it appears Canaan, which is on the peninsula, was a Kemetic colony or outpost. Archaeologists have uncovered a Kemetic- style tomb that dates back 5,000 years ago, built at the time Mena united Kemet. Several archaeologists have suggested that what was to become ancient Israel was once part of “greater” Kemet. More to the south, by 1,000 BC Ethiopia, Eritrea and what is Southern Yemen composed the Sabean Kingdom, which was a matrifocal society (with a host of female deities). Lokman, considered the “wisest man of the ancient East” was a Sabean. The Arabs say that he lived about 1100 B.C., was a coal-black Ethiopian with woolly hair. Lokman is often confused with Aesop, who was also an Afrikan, and who, it appears may have borrowed some of Lokman's fables. (We must remember that these fable belong to neither Lokman or Aesop but were part of a tradition that they were a part of.) So great was Lokman's renown, that there is still a saying, "To teach wisdom to Lokman," is the equivalent of "Carrying coals to Newcastle." In Islam his fame equals that of Solomon in the Christian-Jewish world. The prophet Mohammed quoted him as an authority and named the thirty-first chapter of the Qu'ran after him.
Lokman's influence on the peninsula predates the coming of Islam. But early Islam continued to be Afrikan inspired, if not negatively. In other words, Islam growth can be attributed to its successful suppression of Afrikan spiritual traditions and practices. What people seem to forget is that what has erroneously been called "polytheism," a belief system which dominated human thinking for millenia, was developed by Afrikans. As Islam develops it has to contend with this system, consequently, one cannot understand Islam, if one does not understand that it was formulated to counter Afrikan thought. This was accomplished in Islam's skillful coopting of Afrikan deities. Ancient Arabia or Afrabia, as Muhammed has coined it, had two main deities, both goddesses. One was All'at, who was worshiped throughout Arabia and by the Prophet's family before their conversion to Islam. The other was El 'Ka'ba, who long before Islam had worshipers kneel at her symbol, a jet black stone. (It should be again noted that as in the Hebrew Cabala, the Islamic Ka'ba refers to two parts (Ka and Ba) of the Kemetan soul.)
Even after the founding of Islam, Afrikans continued to influence the religion. Mihdja, a Black man, is said to be the first Muslim killed in the Battle of Badri;, while another, Bilal ibn Rabah, is regarded as a "third of the faith," and the first muezzin. Then there is Abu 'Uthman' Amr Ibn Bahr Al-Jahiz a 9th century Black scholar in residence at Baghdad who wrote the book, "The Book of Glory of the Blacks over the Whites." Al-Jahiz wrote the book in response to growing tide of anti-Black racism in the Muslim world.
But perhaps the greatest contribution that Afrikans have made to Islam was done by Dhu'l-Nun al-Misri, who was born in Upper Egypt near Sudan. To many, he is considered the founder of Sufism. It has been said that no man can be said to have originated Sufism and that no one knows who the first Sufi was. Sufism is not a religion, and ultimately exists above and beyond all labels. Moreover, it has been said that Sufism is older than Islam and that it really had no beginning. This all sound well and good—even majestic; but the objective student will realize that Sufism is none other than an Islamic school of Gnosticism, and that the latter originated in Kemet. Part of the argument I put forth in my book, Distorted Truths, was the essence of Gnosticism was identical to the role of knowledge in the Afrikan worldview. This means that Sufism's origin lies not with al-Misri, but in the Afrikan tradition that he was a part of. It is no accident that Sufism's greatest stronghold is in Southern Egypt and Sudan--Sufism is autochthonous to Afrika. It is in Sufism that many of the esoteric traditions of Kemet and Nubia were preserved.