In 2009, Qaddafi advocated dividing Nigeria on the basis of religious, demonstrating his support for the Islamic movement called Boko Haram. He considered Islam as the one true faith and predicted Europe would become a Muslim continent within a few decades as a result of its growing Arab population. With Islam continuing to spread in Afrika, the idea of an Islamic Afrika was perhaps a foregone conclusion in Qaddafi’s mind. Many Afrikan leaders feared his future vision for Afrika, questioning was his Pan-Afrikanism stronger than his religious obligation to spread Islam. All indications were that the latter was the stronger. Although Qaddafi would eventually abandon Pan-Arabism, he remained a Pan-Islamist until his untimely demise.
Qaddafi remained a Pan-Arabist until the Egyptians and the Palestinians abandoned him. It was only after President Mandela of South Afrika visited his in 1997, awarded him the Medal of Good Hope, and interceded on his behalf in the Lockerbie Negotiations that Qaddafi turned to Pan-Afrikanism. He stated:
I had been crying slogans of Arab Unity and brandishing standard of Arab nationalism for 40 years, but it was not realised. That means that I was talking in the desert. I have no more time to lose talking with Arabs...I am returning back to realism...I now talk about Pan-Africanism and African Unity. The Arab world is finished...Africa is a paradise...and it is full of natural resources like water, uranium, cobalt, iron, manganese.