In Western culture time is linear. This is the only way you can construct an idea like evolution. Evolution implies time is a unidirectional phenomenon that move forward improving and perfecting itself as it progresses. Things move from a lower or initial stage of development to a higher level. Time is not renewed in this conceptualization or construct. There is no need to since the future will self-correct or improve upon the past. In Western culture there is no place for time's renewal hence new year's celebrations are shams--probably the emptiest of holy days. It's a new calendrical year without renewal because linear time can not be renew. As a result, your resolutions become empty because you don't believe time can be renewed.
I continue to reject the theory of evolution but in my book I did argue from a cultural evolutionary perspective. But I must admit, it too, suffers from the implied notion of improvement through time. That would mean, that hunting cultures, were improved upon by herding cultures, and farming cultures improved upon herding cultures. I do not think this was necessarily the case, but I used the concept to demonstrate the cultural unity of Afrika. Since human beings are consequences of culture, we know that present human societies relied on previous ones. It is this understanding of this relationship with those that came before us that give the ancestors their cherished role in Afrikan culture and society. This reinforced by the very real experience of them, our deceased love ones, visiting us in our dreams providing guidance and information that established ancestor veneration. These experiences are not explained away as imaginary--let the Oneirologists do that.
Time can be renewed in Afrikan culture because time is cyclical; but more important, time is socialized so much that it is a cultural feature or given a cultural presence. So that in addition to astronomical events, time is tied to cultural events. And a new year's celebration is just that--a cultural event. For the Afrikan, new year celebrations renew time, and thus have the inherent capacity to renew culture, people, relationship, and all that is cardinal to existence. But this is only possible because of the Afrikan ideal of sacrifice. In the West Christianity has made sacrifice a linear phenomenon, establishing Christ as the last sacrifce; Christianity has further made time linear by its concept of the trinity which removes the reality of sequence from time. How is it possible that a Father and son can coexist as coequals in time?
Implicit in the act of creation is sacrifice. For example, the Supreme Being’s (unicity) sacrificed itself resulting in the Creator and Creation (twinness). This establishes sacrifice as a divine act; and as an act that houses the power of renewal or transformation. We can even say the act of creation/creating is sacrificial. And since time and space are phenomena of Creation/Nature/Existence, we can say they are the result of the initial sacrifice of the Supreme Being. Thus when sacrifice is repeated on the various levels of existence, it has the capacity to renew. A close examination of the various rites in a new year celebration will show that all the rites are based on sacrifice. So I guess my question is, "What are you going to sacrifice this year, so that renewal on some level in your life is possible?"
Peace and have a real new year!