On April 15, 1958, in Accra, Ghana, Afrikan leaders and political activists gathered at the first Conference of Independent Afrikan States. In attendance were representatives of the governments of Ethiopia, Ghana, Liberia, Libya, Morocco, Sudan, Tunisia, the Union of the Peoples of Cameroon, and Egypt (then a constituent part of the United Arab Republic). The conference was significant in that it represented the first Pan African conference to be held in Afrikan.
The Conference called for the founding of African Freedom Day, a day to “mark each year the onward progress of the liberation movement, and to symbolize the determination of the People of Africa to free themselves from foreign domination and exploitation.” On May 25, 1963, leaders of thirty-two independent Afrikan states met to form the Organization of African Unity (OAU). By then more than two-thirds of the continent had achieved independence, mostly from imperial European states. At this meeting, the date of Africa Freedom Day was changed from 15 April to 25 May, and Africa Freedom Day was declared African Liberation Day (ALD).