Sufism also classifies Jihad into two parts: the " Jihad Akbar (great) and Jihad Asghar (little). According to sufism, the Prophet Muhammad put the emphasis on the "Greater Jihad" by saying, "Holy is the warrior who is at war with himself." In this sense external wars and strife are seen as but a satanic counterfeit of the true "jihad," which can only be fought and won within. There is no salvation for man without his own efforts being added to the work of self-refinement. Here the "Holy Ones" gain the surname "Hadrat" or "The Presence."
While various Islamic scholars, jurists, and writers debate the values of one form of jihad over the other, to those of us outside of Islam, it is evident that the inner jihad, the one concerned with personal development, would perhaps help to lessen the outer, militarily-oriented jihad. It is the inner jihad that would allow the peace of Islam to come to fruition; the lesser jihad will only continue to allow the critics of the religion to see Muslims as a patriarchal, misogynistic, imperialistic, and racist bunch.
Islam needs an infusion of Sufism in general and Afrikan Muslims in particular need to ground their Islam in the Afrikan worldview and Afrikan culture.