She offers the following:
An idealized belief, long cherished in America, is that all doctors are selfless, friendly people who chose medicine as their profession because they felt themselves "called" to serve humanity, and who have little interest in either the money or the prestige of their position. Of course, many physicians do not measure up to this ideal. Nevertheless, the continued success of television programs that portray the average American M.D. as a paragon of virtue indicates how deeply rooted in our collective psyche the ideal of the noble physician is.
“In this case it is the way that the doctor wants to appear to his patients, or ''objects,'' because this appearance works to his advantage. On the other hand, an image that projects him as a potential exploiter can lead to the possibility of malpractice suits and to the institutionalization of socialized medicine-neither of which is lucrative for him.”
We are told that Afrikans already practiced slavery, and that all humans from time immemorial have practice it, thus, the European system is just part of this phenomenon. But the Afrikan system of forced labor for captives, debtors, and persons who committed crimes, was nothing like the chattel slavery system set up by the Europeans. The Arab intrusion into Afrikan societies exacerbated our system and there are examples of great horrors committed by us against us, but our indigenous system of “enslavement” if we can even use that word resembled neither the Arab or European systems. We had a very different notion of the human being and the purpose for living. Then we are told of all the signers of the Constitution and how many of them were personally against slavery—but they were slaveholders until their deaths. For example, Virginian George Mason, a slaveholder said: That slaves "bring the judgment of Heaven on a country," but this judgement, him being a good Christian and all did not allow him to free his slaves. He could argue for the inclusion of the Bill of Rights into the Constitution to safeguard individual rights but could not free Afrikan people. The rhetoric in the Constitution and the Declaration of Independence about liberty, freedom, being created equal, and so on, did not apply to Afrikans, slave or free. Thomas Jefferson, who wrote the Declaration of Independence, stating that all men are created equal did not free his slaves. He he stated he was an opponent of the slave trade and disliked the effects of slavery on society, believing slavery was harmful to both slave and master, he opposed the practice of slave masters freeing their own slaves, and in the Virginia Assembly in 1769, he prevented a manumission law from being enacted. When the Haitian Revolution occurred rather than celebrate the fact that others fought against oppression and tyranny, his sentiment lied with the slavery holding interests. George Washington, considered the “father of this Country,” shows this same hypocrisy. Although he personally opposed the institution of slavery (after the revolutionary War), as President he authorized emergency financial and military relief to French slave owners during the Haitian Revolution, he signed a law that reaffirmed the previous ban on slavery in the Northwest Territory, but the territory only offered citizenship to "free white persons" of "good moral character,"and Washington signed the 1793 Fugitive Slave Law, the first to provide for the right of slaveholders to recapture slaves even in free states that had abolished slavery. We see this same behavior with all the Founding Fathers, even Ben Franklin and John Jay owned slaves. I have already discussed Lincoln's rhetoric ethics, in my blog on his birthday.
Words are seen as divine forces in Afrika; they possess power. Afrikans relate the concept of authority to the power of words, which explains why those who master speech become community leaders (authority figures). Respect for the word implies respect for authority and truth. Speech is the gift of culture that separates humanity from the animal world, therefore words are especially values. To lie is to forsake the word. Moreover on a deeper level, the Afrikan reasons that without words, culture would be nonexistent, and without culture humanity would not exist. Consequently rhetorical ethics does not exist in traditional Afrikan society. But in the West, the rhetorical ethics is alive and well—it is part of the European or Western man's system of morality. Or lack thereof. So, don't believe the hype.